বায়ুতে কার্বনের ঘনত্ব ৪০০ পিপিএম ছাড়িয়ে গেল

সদ্য প্রকাশিত খবরে প্রকাশ যে, বায়ুতে কার্বনের ঘনত্ব এখন ৪০০ পিপিএম ছাড়িয়ে গেছে। দীর্ঘকাল যাবত বিশ্ব সম্প্রদায় অংগীকারাবদ্ধ ছিল যে কার্বনের ঘনত্ব ৪০০ পিপিএম ছাড়িয়ে যেতে দেয়া হবে না। সেই অংগীকার ভূলুন্ঠিত হলো। একই সাথে উবে গেল বিশ্ব তাপমাত্রা বৃদ্ধি ২ ডিগ্রী সেন্টিগ্রেডে সীমাবদ্ধ রাখার লক্ষ্য। বলা দরকার যে, প্রাক শিল্পযুগে বায়ুতে কার্বনের ঘনত্ব ছিল ২৫০ পিপিএম-এর কাছাকাছি। পৃথিবীর গত তিরিশ লক্ষ বছরের ইতিহাসে বায়ুর কার্বন ঘনত্ব এত উঁচুতে ওঠে নি।
http://www.climatecentral.org/…/april-becomes-first-month-w…

এদিকে আগামী ডিসেম্বরে প্যারিসে অনুষ্ঠিতব্য কপ-২১ সম্মেলনের আগে পৃথিবীর বিভিন্ন দেশকে উষ্ণতা বৃদ্ধিকারক গ্যাস (উবগ) হ্রাসের পরিকল্পনা জাতিসংঘকে জানানোর অনুরোধ করা করেছিল। সে প্রেক্ষিতে বিভিন্ন দেশের যে পরিকল্পনা এ যাবত দাখিল করা হয়েছে, তা জলবায়ু পরিবর্তন রোধের প্রয়োজনীয়তার আলোকে মোটেও পর্যাপ্ত নয়। এই প্রবণতা অব্যাহত থাকলে কপ-২১ সম্মেলনে যে ধরণের চুক্তি সাক্ষরের আশা করা হচ্ছিল তা ভন্ডুল হয়ে যাবে, এবং পৃথিবী এক অজানা বিপজ্জনক ভবিষ্যতের দিকে ধাবিত হবে।

বেন সকল দেশের প্রতি, বিশেষত সর্বাপেক্ষা উবগ উদগীরক দেশসমূহের প্রতি আহ্বান জানাচ্ছে যাতে তারা জলবায়ু পরিবর্তনের বিপদকে আরও গুরুত্বের সাথে গ্রহণ করেন এবং উবগ হ্রাসে এগিয়ে আসেন। নতুবা এই পৃথিবী ভবিষ্যত প্রজন্মের বসবাসের জন্য অনুপযোগী হয়ে পড়বে। নিজেদের প্রজন্মের এত বড় সর্বনাশ আমরা কী নিজেরাই করতে পারি?

পরিশিষ্ট ক

Conference on
Coal energy in Bangladesh: impact on Water and Climate

Jointly organized by
Waterkeepers Bangladesh
National Committee for Saving the Sundarbans (NCSS)
And
Waterkeeper Alliance

May 2 (Saturday) and 3 (Sunday), 2015
BRAC Inn
Mohakhali, Dhaka

পরিশিষ্ট খ

Statement from the Conference on
Coal Energy in Bangladesh: Impacts on Water and Climate

Waterkeepers Bangladesh, National Committee for Saving the Sundarbans and Waterkeeper Alliance organized the Conference on Coal Energy in Bangladesh: Impacts on Water and Climate on 2-3 May 2015 at BRAC Inn Center in Mohakhali, Dhaka. Following is the statement adopted in the closing session of this conference:
The Conference on Coal Energy in Bangladesh: Impacts on Water and Climate, Dhaka, 2-3 May 2015 observed that:
(01). Bangladesh is one of the lowest per capita users of energy countries in the world, and is in dire need of energy for its future development. We note that the government of Bangladesh is trying to attain increases in energy generation capacity from a range of sources. However, some of the power projects created concerns for high environmental and social cost;
(02). Bangladesh government has proposed a number of coal-powered power plants. These include Bangladesh-India Friendship Power Company Ltd. which is widely known as Rampal Power Plant proposed to be located near the Sundarbans, and a private Orion Power Plant which has also been proposed near Rampal;
(03). Bangladesh is promoting coal power plants without finalizing the Coal Policy. A comprehensive & integrated energy policy, along with other management cum developmental policies for structure building, transportation, vehicular choices, use of electricity, for reducing unethical business behaviors, electricity system losses etc, have not yet been seriously considered. Such a policy has the capacity to reduce irregularities, corruption, power misuse, and to eliminate or minimize use of coal and destructive projects in the country.
(04). Exploration of alternative and renewable sources of energy has not been adequate. Rather, the Rampal and other coal-based plants are being developed in a non-transparent way and without accountability, proper public hearings, and independent & science based Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA).
(05). Coal is a dirty fuel. Waterkeeper Alliance says-‘Clean coal is a dirty lie’. Coal will inevitably generate immense & dangerous water, air, and soil pollution, with consequent profound negative impacts on all living species, during all stages of production and burning, including mining, dumping, transportation, combustion, post burn waste disposal and so on;
(06). The extensively propagated view that coal is the ‘cheapest cost’ energy source have proven to be wrong, once human, ecological, social and health impacts are properly accounted for;
(07). Any coal exploration procedure in densely populated and biodiversity enriched Bangladesh will involve huge amounts of human eviction, severe impacts on both surface and groundwater, potential for landslides, and degradation of organic environments including flora, fauna, and agricultural plants, leading to a strongly negative cost benefit scenarios; and
(08). Coal plays a leading role in causing climate change. As a poor country, Bangladesh will be one of the worst victims, with potential extreme weather calamities (like cyclones, tidal upsurges, and coastal submergence), human migration, and other socio-economic cum political crises in the country;

In this context the Conference recommended the following demands to be raised for immediate attention and implementation by the State and people of Bangladesh:
(a). Rampal Coal fired Power Plant Project & Orion Power Plant must be abandoned immediately to protect the world’s single largest mangrove forest – the Sundarbans – the UNESCO World Heritage Area, and the region’s nationally declared Ecologically Critical Area (ECA);
(b). An independent and science based environmental, socio-cultural, and health impacts assessment of the Rampal, and Bangladesh’s other coal based power plants, must be done before proceeding further ahead. Additionally, comprehensive & integrated energy and coal policy must be adopted for unbiased implementation, along with other energy efficient management cum green developmental policies for structure building, transportation, vehicular choices, electric use practices, and reducing unethical business behaviors, and electricity system losses etc;
(c). Proper and adequate public hearings, and transparent eco-protective official approaches for site selection, financing, business agreement, land acquisition, asset evaluation etc, for any category of power plants, must be ensured in the country;
(d). Climate considerations, and the moral responsibility that rests on us to contribute to global climate mitigation and adaptation, and broader UNFCC efforts, must be honored by the government of Bangladesh;
(e). The individuals and organizations gathered here shall enhance and extend their unity, engage their capacity in singular or combined struggles, advocacy, propaganda, motivation and take up all possible actions in a coordinated way from now onwards.”

DECLARATION OF THE CONFERENCE:

The large coal-fired power plants near the Sundarbans has the capacity to significantly harm unique eco-systems, along with water, air, people and climate. The regulatory system in Bangladesh has been unable to adequately protect the Sundarbans World Heritage area. Since coal fired power plants near the Sundarbans will threaten its survival, we request that all financial institutions and potential equity investors make a clear public commitment to rule out any involvement in arranging or providing finance for the Rampal coal-fired power plant. We would welcome the opportunity to work with the government to address our concerns.

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